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Ann Pediatr Endocrinol Metab > Volume 15(2); 2010 > Article
Pelvic Ultrasonography Findings in Girls with Precocious Puberty.
Hyun Ju Kang, Ji Sun Nam, Won Kyoung Cho, Kyoung Soon Cho, So Hyun Park, Min Ho Jung, Gye Yeon Lim, Byung Kyu Suh, Byung Churl Lee
1Department of Pediatrics, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. jmhpe@catholic.ac.kr
2Department of Radiology, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
PURPOSE
We analyzed pelvic ultrasonography (USG) findings in girls with central precocious puberty (CPP) and assessed the role of uterine and ovarian measurements in discriminating between CPP and other pubertal conditions. METHODS: Seventy-four girls (chronological age 7.8 +/- 0.5 years, bone age 9.9 +/- 0.8 years) with precocious pubertal signs were enrolled. Measurements of uterine and ovarian parameters by pelvic USG included antero-posterior diameters of the uterine fundus and cervix, diameter of each ovary, number of follicles, and maximal diameter of the largest follicle. The pelvic USG parameters were compared between girls with CPP (n = 49) and girls with atypical premature thelarche (PT) (n = 25).
RESULTS
Antero-posterior diameter of uterine fundus (1.05 +/- 0.34 vs. 0.74 +/- 0.78 cm, P = 0.001), maximal ovarian diameter (2.13 +/- 0.48 vs. 1.84 +/- 0.74 cm, P = 0.048) and mean ovarian area (2.31 +/- 0.79 vs. 1.69 +/- 0.71 cm, P = 0.002) were significantly greater in girls with CPP than in girls with atypical PT. For the diagnosis of CPP, the sensitivity and specificity of A-P diameter of uterine fundus (> 0.9 cm) was 65.3% and 84.0%, the sensitivity and specificity of maximal ovarian diameter (> 2.0 cm) was 55.1% and 76%, and the sensitivity and specificity of mean ovarian area (> 2.0 cm2) was 62.9% and 80.0%.
CONCLUSION
Girls with CPP had significantly higher dimensions of the uterus and ovary measurements compared to girls with atypical PT, but sensitivity and specificity were not high enough to differentiate CPP from atypical PT. Pelvic USG may help the diagnosis of CPP in girls.
Keywords: Puberty, precocious;Ultrasonography;Pelvis


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