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Ann Pediatr Endocrinol Metab > Volume 8(1); 2003 > Article
Growth and Pituitary Hormonal Status in Children with Craniopharyngioma.
Tae Won Song, Eun Gyong Yoo, Duk Hee Kim
Abstract
PURPOSE
Craniopharyngioma is one of the most common causes of organic growth hormone deficiency leading to pituitary hormonal insufficiency. However, some growth hormone(GH)-deficient children with craniopharyngioma may grow normally or even show accelerated growth. This study was designed to evaluate several factors associated with growth of patients with craniopharyngioma. METHODS:Forty children operated on for craniopharyngioma were evaluated for their pituitary function, serum insulin like growth factor-I(IGF-I), serum insulin like growth factor binding protein-3(IGFBP-3) and serum prolactin levels. We also observed their growth status and corresponding changes with or without GH treatment.
RESULTS
Among 40 patients, one had normal pituitary hormonal status and one had isolated GHD(GH deficiency). The other patients showed multiple pituitary hormone deficiency including GH(98%), LH, FSH(75%), TSH(65%), ACTH(62%), and ADH(38%) deficiencies. Patients with GHD were categorized into 2 groups. Group 1 consisted of children who showed normal growth, thus had not received GH treatment(n=14) and Group 2, those who showed subnormal growth(n=25). Patients in Group 2 were subdivided into Group 2A, when the patients had not received GH treatment in spite of subnormal growth(n=9) and Group 2B, when GH treatment had been added later on(n=16). There were no differences in the age at diagnosis of GHD, initial height standard deviation score(Ht SDS), body mass index(BMI), peak GH concentration between Group 1 and Group 2. Height velocities in Group 1, 2A, and 2B were 8.1+/-.2 cm/yr, 2.4+/-.2 cm/yr, 2.7+/-.2 cm/yr during the first year of endocrinologic follow-up, 7.1+/-.8 cm/yr, 1.2+/-.1 cm/yr, 7.6+/-.7 cm/yr during the second year, 5.9+/-.0 cm/yr, 2.8+/-.9 cm/yr, 7.3+/-.7 cm/yr during the third year, respectively. BMI changes during the first year of endocrinologic follow-up and postoperative prolactin levels were not significantly different between Group 1 and Group 2A. Postoperative IGF-I and IGFBP-3 levels in Group 1 were significantly higher than those in Group 2A(P<0.05). Both IGFBP-3 and prolactin levels correlated significantly with height velocity in Group 1 and 2A(P=0.004 r=0.64 and P= 0.035 r=0.74 , respectively).
CONCLUSION
In this study, growth in children with craniopharyngioma was likely to be associated with IGF-I, IGFBP-3 and prolactin levels. Further studies are needed to unravel other growth promoting factors related to GH independent growth.
Keywords: Craniopharyngioma;Growth hormone deficiency;Growth;Insulin like growth factor-I(IGF-I);Insulin like growth factor binding protein-3(IGFBP-3);Prolactin


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