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Ann Pediatr Endocrinol Metab > Volume 13(1); 2008 > Article
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in Adolescence.
Il Tae Hwang
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul, Korea. ithwang83@hallym.or.kr
Abstract
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a syndrome of variable combinations of menstrual irregularity, hirsutism, and obesity. It is frequently diagnosed during adolescence and may be increasing in prevalence secondary to obesity among teenagers. It is associated with ovulatory dysfunction, hyperandrogenism, hyperinsulinism, and insulin resistance, and a major risk factor for metabolic syndrome and type 2 DM later in life. The goals of therapy in treating teenagers with PCOS has focused on managing body weight, improving self esteem by lessening acne and hirsutism, and regulating menses. Identifying girls at risk for PCOS and implementing treatment early in the development of PCOS may be an effective means of preventing some of the long-term complications associated with this syndrome.
Keywords: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome;Adolescence


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