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Ann Pediatr Endocrinol Metab > Volume 3(2); 1998 > Article
Nesidioblastosis in Neonate with Persistent Hyperinsulinemic Hypoglycemia.
Il Tae Whang, Ho Seong Kim, Ho Seong Han
Abstract
Nesidioblastosis, also known as persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia of infancy(PHHI) or familial hyperinsulinsm, is the most common cause of recurrent severe hypoglycemia in infancy. It is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by irregular insulin secretion leading to inappropriately raised plasma insulin concentration compared to blood glucose levels. Recently, mutations in the sulfonylurea receptor(SUR) have been described in association with PHHI. The mainstay of medical treatment is glucose infusion and diazoxide or long acting somatostatin. If medical treatment fails in preventing hypoglycemia, near total pancreatectomy is recommended. We report one case of nesidioblastosis cured by near total pancreatectomy with brief review of literatures.
Keywords: Persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia of infancy;Nesidioblastosis


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