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Ann Pediatr Endocrinol Metab > Volume 9(2); 2004 > Article
A Case of Diabetic Nephropathy without Microalbuminuria in Type 1 Diabetes.
Na Young Lee, Im Jeong Choi, Gil Hyun Kim, Jin Hwa Jung, Sung Mi Kim, Mi Young Jeon
Abstract
Diabetes is a rapidly increasing heath care problem all over the world due to increased prevalence during past decade. Diabetic nephropathy develops in 25-30% of patients with type 1 diabetes and is the leading cause of end stage renal disease. Diabetic nephropathy is characterized by persistent proteinuria, decline in renal function, hypertension and increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Early detection of diabetic nephropathy risk is an important goal because early diagnosis and treatment prevent advanced renal damage and other diabetic complications. Increased urinary albumin excretion rate is widely accepted as the first clinical sign of diabetic nephropathy. However, reduced glomerular filtration or hypertension could be the first manifestation in some diabetic patients. We need improved markers and predictors of diabetic nephropathy risk. We report a case of diabetic nephropathy and decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR) without microalbuminuria occcured in type 1 diabetic patient.
Keywords: Type1 diabetes;Diabetic nephropathy;Microalbuminuria;Albumin excretion rate


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