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Ann Pediatr Endocrinol Metab > Volume 16(2); 2011 > Article
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6065/jkspe.2011.16.2.86   
Clinical Course of Childhood Onset Pseudoprecocious Puberty due to Autonomous Ovarian Cyst.
Min Jeong Kim, Hyo Jin Jung, Im Jeong Choi, Su Young Hong
1Department of Pediatrics, Maryknoll Medical Center, Korea. whiteij@hanmail.net
2Department of Pediatrics, Wallace Memorial Baptist Hospital, Busan, Korea.
There are few reports about the natural history of patients with pseudoprecocious puberty due to autonomous ovarian cyst. We reviewed the clinical course of 7 patients who had autonomous ovarian cysts and signs of precocious puberty. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 7 children, aged 2.8 to 7.9 years, who were diagnosed with pseudoprecocious puberty due to autonomous ovarian cysts from November 2005 to May 2011. The follow-up durations ranged from 0.5 to 6.3 years.
Four out of 7 patients showed elevated serum estrogen levels and all revealed prepubertal response of gonadotropin to GnRH stimulation at diagnosis. The size of the cysts was from 1.7 to 4.6 cm on pelvic ultrasound examination. After 1 to 3 months, the ovarian cysts disappeared in all patients. Three of the girls developed relapsing signs of precocious puberty (vaginal bleeding and breast budding). Two of them showed an increase in growth velocity and bone age due to recurrent ovarian cysts, and one of them was converted to true precocious puberty.
In our cases, all patients with autonomous ovarian cysts resolved spontaneously. However, some showed frequent recurrence of ovarian cysts, and needed a longer follow up because of the possibility of conversion to true precocious puberty and signs of McCune-Albright syndrome.
Keywords: Puberty, precocious;Ovarian cysts


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