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Ann Pediatr Endocrinol Metab > Volume 6(2); 2001 > Article
Growth in Children with Growth Hormone Deficiency Following Surgery for Craniopharyngioma.
Young Lim Shin, Han Wook Yoo
Most children who have been treated for craniopharyngioma eventually develop multiple pituitary hormone deficiencies as well as growth hormone deficiency(GHD). However, some of them may grow normally or even have accelerated growth velocity despite GHD postoperatively. This study was undertaken to evaluate several factors influencing change in growth velocity after surgery for craniopharyngioma in patients with GHD. METHODS: Fifteen patients operated on for craniopharyngioma had a pharmacological assessment of hypothalamic-pituitary function and at least two standard GH provocation tests. All patients had multiple pituitary hormone deficiencies including GHD after surgery. Patients were classified in two groups according to their growth rate during the first postoperative year. Group 1 consisted of 6 children with normal growth velocity or more than 2 standard deviation score(SDS) above the normal mean, and group 2 consisted of 9 children with decreased growth velocity more than 2 SDS below the normal mean.
Height velocity was 8.3+/-.2 cm/year in group 1 and 2.8+/-.3 cm/year in group 2 during the first year. During the second year, height velocity was 4.4+/-.3 cm/year and 3.3+/-.4 cm/year, respectively. Body mass index(BMI) change between before and after surgery was 0.83+/-.4 kg/m2 in group 1 and 0.03+/-.3 kg/m2 in group 2 but there was no difference between both groups. However, BMI changes was correlated positively with height SDS change for 1 year following surgery in 15 patients(P<0.05, r=0.601). Prolactin levels before surgery were not significant difference between group 1 and group 2. However, there was a significant positive correlation between prolactin levels before surgery and height SDS change(P<0.01, r=0.671). Postoperative IGF-1 levels were low in all patients except one, who showed decreased growth rate.
In this study, there were no significant differences in height velocity, BMI, prolactin, and IGF-1 levels between normal growth group and growth failure group after surgery. Further studies are needed to find out any other growth promoting factors related to growth without growth hormone.
Keywords: Craniopharyngioma;Prolactin;Insulin;Obesity;Insulin growth factor-1


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